Town Council of Gyula, Hungary
In the southeastern part of the Great Plain, on the left bank of the White Körös Gyula is located right next to the Romanian border. It is the lowest area of Hungary with its eighty-eight meters above sea level, it is a flat countryside. The region's climate is temperate continental. Closest neighboring town is Békéscsaba, which you can find on the main road 44, 16 km to the west.
The White- and the Black-Körös are rivers with one of the cleanest water in Hungary; the river banks, forests - which are now classified as protected areas - particularly in terms of the landscape are beautiful. The city has got many parks, monuments, as well as charming streets, and it has the nature of a spa town with an important role in tourism.
The origin of its name
The name of Gyula can have two sources, according to the historians:
• The first theory of the origin refers to the post of Gyula, the military leader of the Hungarians, whose tribe, or part of it all settled down in this area.
• According to the other theory the former monastery standing on the site of the city was founded by a nobleman named Gyula under the name Gyulamonostora, and hence the name of the city later. In general, the latter theory has become established.
Places of interest
- Gyula Castle
- Officers’ Memorial
- Castle Bath
- Almásy-Mansion Visitor’s Center
- Wenckheim-Almásy Mansion in Gyulavári
- Saint Nicolas Roman Ortodox Chatedral
- Museum of Roman-Orthodox Episcopate
- Exhibition of Radio History
- Landscape, water and bath house history representation
- Townhall (former Country Hall)
- The building of the Archive (former Financial Board of Directors)
- Reformed Church
- 100-year-old Confectionery
- Reedy Virgin Mary Parish Church
- The building of the Town Library (former Town Hall)
- KöröspArt Gallery
- The fountains and the Anamorfosis on the Kossuth Square
- Holy trinity Chapel
- Erkel Ferenc Memorial House
- Saint Joseph Church
- The Schriffert-House „with Maria”
- Göndöcs Garden, „Vigadó” (a cultural house)
- Kohán Gallery
- Lutheran Church
- Museum of Meat Trade
- Romanian Ortodox Church of Krisztinaváros (in Smallromanian Part of Gyula)
- Kálvária Apsischapel
- Farmstead museum (Steigervald)
- Great Bamboo Garden
- Needle Dam of Gyula Showroom
- Reformed Church of Gyulavári
- Helix Park
- One can find several statues, public arts and memorial tablets in the town
The Castle Bath
The Castle Bath on the Great Plain is one of the most modern baths and spas of European standard with its 19 pools, which was classified by the Hungarian Bath Association in 2014 the highest category, it got five stars. It is located in the 8.5 hectare natural park of the Almássy castle.
On the territory there are medicinal and adventure pools, children's water paradise, jacuzzi, wave pools and giant and kamikaze slides. Here you will find a 25-meter training pool and a 50-meter competition swimming pool, which can be used in winter as well. The Aqua Palace has been functioning since December 2013, The wellness center can be visited on Saturday night after closing of the spa, where in addition to 10 different water experience one can find sauna and steam bath cabins which serve essential parts of a healthy lifestyle.
The thermal water of the Castle Bath contains alkaline-hydrogen chloride. Due to the high mineral content it has got a brownish tinge. The water first came to the surface 17 September 1958. Six wells work, the deepest of which is 2,500 meters. The 72 Celsius warm water of the Bath was qualified medicinal water in 1969 by the Minister of Health, in 1971 the spa became thermal bath and in 1985 the area around the spa was declared a health resort. Its water is good for locomotor diseases, rehabilitation treatment after accidents, local nervous complaints and inflammatory gynecological diseases to outstanding effect.
Gyula offers guests accommodation in numerous hotels, apartments, B&Bs and hostels.
The history of the famous Gyula sausage began in 1868 when the first slaughter house was established and so the history of Gyula butchers career. The first international recognition belongs to the name of József Balogh, who won at the Brussels World Exhibition a gold medal in 1910 with the Gyula sausage. This success continued in 1935 with András Stéberl, who received also at the World's Fair in Brussels a Gold Diploma for his "small paired Gyulai sausage" product and launched the industrial production of Gyula Sausage and of other sausages.
The Gyula Meat Ltd. brings further recognition to the product since then. The sausage production is based on traditional recipes and maturing happens in every aspect in an appropriate way of today's age. Since 2010, the European Commission approved the use of "Protected Geographical Indication" (PGI) trademark for Gyula and Csaba sausage. Another well-known and acclaimed product of the Gyula Meat Ltd is the Gyula liverwurst. The company received the honorary title of Hungarian Quality Product Award for their product in 2010.
Another well known product of Gyula is the Gyula brandy. The drink is under EU law and national defense. The Gyulai Pálinka Manufactory brought home in 2011 two gold and seven silver medals from the World Spirits Award, one of the most prestigious culinary events in the world, where it won in the "Distilleries of theYear" category bronze medal, but at the tournament in Vienna Destillata their products got a number of gold, silver, and bronze qualificationas well. In addition to traditional Hungarian spirits (plum, pear, apple, peach) special brandies are also produced, such as dogwood, rowan, blackthorn, but blends can be found on offer called Gyulai, Summer, Autumn, Winter, Spring as well.
Surroundings of Gyula
Surrounding of Gyula is rich in historical monuments and programme opportunities. . Farmsteadmuseum is about 8 km away from the town, where one can ride horseback in a pleasant environment, take a drive on a carriage or take part in a puszta program. The Körösvölgy, Szanazug, Városerdő are popular fishing and hunting paradises. This is the richest hunting ground in the country considering ground-game. The rivers are perfect for doing all kinds of water sports.
- Budrio, Italy (1963)
- Ditzingen, Germany (1991)
- Csíkszereda, Székelyföld (Romania) (1993)
- Arad, (Romania) (1994)
- Krumpendorf am Wörthersee, Austria (1995)
- Schenkenfelden, Austria (1996)
- Wągrowiec, Poland (2002)
- Kovászna, Székelyföld (Romania) (2006)
- Nagybánya, (Romania) (2008)
Address of the Mayor’s Office: 5700 Gyula, Petőfi tér 3.
Mayor: Dr. Görgényi Ernő
Official website of the town Gyula: www.gyula.hu
Webpage for tourists: www.visitgyula.com
Newsportal of Gyula: www.gyulaihirlap.hu