Town Council of Arad, Romania

Arad (Romanian Arad, German Arad, Latin Aradinum) city in Romania. It was and is the chief town of the county. In the 20th century Kisszentmiklós, Mikelaka, Öthalom, Újarad and Zsigmondháza settlementswere attached to it.

Its name comes from the Hungarian „ur” noun, which got „d”as the formation of a place name.

History

The "Statue of Liberty"is a monument of the martyrs of Arad.

The town was an important crossing and market place since ancient times. The castle was first mentioned in 1132. This is not the same as today's castle, but it was situated 7 km to the East from today's city. Béla II's wife executed here in 1131 68 barons, who were found guilty On blinding her husband. Béla the II. founded here a social chapter. The city was destroyed by the Tartars in 1241 and 1285, but the castle resisted the attack. In 1388 it became a market town. Dózsa's army destroyed it in 1514. the medieval village of Csálya which was situated in Csálatelepalso had a castle and was noted  as place ofcommon evets in the 19th century. On 18 September 1551 the Turks captured the fortress of Arad, it was completely destroyed in 1555, the new Arad took its position. Between 1552 and 1554 the Turks built a new plank fortress, it was the headquarter of the sanjak until 1554. it was finally freed in 1688. 14 July 1658. George Rákóczi II.defeated here the pasha of Buda's army. It was liberated 1685from Turkish rule. Between 1699 and 1741 it was the headquarter of the Mures military frontiers.

The New Castle was built in the Maros bend in 178 and it became a free royal city in 1834. The army occupied it on June 28th 1849. August 17th 1849 Damjanich gave up the fortress. The martyrs of Arad were executed here on 6th October 1849 and on 25th October 1849 Colonel Lajos Kazinczy was also executed. The site was markedby a stone obelisk. The martyrs memorial in the center of the town was demolished in 1918 by the Romanians, and was remounted again only in 2004 (not in the original location). The town had a population of 63 166 in 1910. of which was

Hungarians46 085

Romanians10 279

Germans 4365

Serbians 1816

Slovaks 277

Czechs133

In 1919 the city was the headquartersof Earl Gyula Károlyi's Counterrevolutionary Government. In 1920 according to the Trianon Peace Treaty it came to Romania. In 2002, there were 191 473 inhabitants,

83.66% Romanian,

11.94% Hungarian,

1.66% Roma, 1.52%

German and

1.22% other nationalities.


Sights

• The fortress of Arad is a military area today, it can not be visited.

• The huge monument of the martyrs of Arad (by György Zala) stands now in the Park of Reconciliation (originally called Attila Square).

• Next to the fortressthere is a memorial 

column of martyrs erected in 1881 above their tombs.

 The Minorite Church was built in 1704, the statues of the martyrs’ memorial removed in 1918 were held on its yard.

• The Reformed Church was built in 1847, Miklos Horthy's wedding was held here in 1901.

• The Palace of Culture was built in 1913 in eclectic, whereas inside it is inthe Art Nouveau style, now it is the Historical Museum.

• The Lutheran Church was built in 1906 in neo-Gothic style.

• The Serbian Orthodox Church was built in 1702 in Baroque style.

• The old theater building was completed in 1818.

• The medieval Hodosmonostora was situated to the west of the city. Its monastery dedicated to St. Peter was first mentioned in 1177, and perished between 1278 and 1293

. The village was still inhabited in the 16th century, today is a puszta near Arad.


Famous people

• Joseph Bartosságh, agricultural writer was born here on December 8 1782.

• Antal Kerpely,mining and metallurgical engineer, academic professor in Selmecbánya, corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy was born here in 1837. († 1907)

• Béla Barabás,lawyer, Lord Lieutenant and then senator was born here in 1855.

• Gábor Rajnai, actor was born here on May 11, 1885.

• Árpád Tóth, poet was born here in 1886.

• Lajos Csata,y Colonel-General, Minister of National Defence was born here on 1 August 1886.

• Pál Jávor,actor was born here on January 21, 1902.

László Inke, actorwas born here on January 16, 1925.

• Baron Antal Bajtai, historiographer died here January 15, 1775.

• János Lenkey,General died on February 9, 1850 in military prison.

• Very detailed list of Esperanto Wikipedia: http: //eo.wikipedia.org/wiki/Listo_de_renomaj_personoj_de_Arad


Mayor: Gheorghe Falcã


Twinning towns

Gyula, Hungary (1994)

Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary

Pécs, Hungary

Website: www.arad.ro
www.primariaarad.ro